Back to Course

Essential Logic: The Logical Fallacies

0% Complete
0/0 Steps
  1. Introduction
    Essential Logic: The Logical Fallacies---Course Introduction
    4Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  2. Lessons
    Lesson 1: Ad Hominem Abusive (Preview Content)
    4Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  3. Lesson 2: Ad Hominem Circumstantial (Preview Content)
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  4. Lesson 3: Tu Quoque (Preview Content)
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  5. Lesson 4: Genetic Fallacy
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  6. Lesson 5: Appeal to Fear (Argumentum Ad Baculum)
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  7. Lesson 6: Appeal to Pity (Argumentum Ad Misericordiam)
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  8. Lesson 7: Mob Appeal (Argumentum Ad Populum)
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  9. Lesson 8: Snob Appeal
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  10. Lesson 9: Appeal to Illegitimate Authority (Argumentum Ad Verecundiam)
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  11. Lesson 10: Chronological Snobbery
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  12. Lesson 11: Appeal to Ignorance
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  13. Lesson 12: Irrelevant Goals and Functions
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  14. Lesson 13: Irrelevant Thesis
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  15. Lesson 14: Straw Man Fallacy
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  16. Lesson 15: Begging the Question (Petitio Principii)
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  17. Lesson 16: Bifurcation (False Dilemma)
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  18. Lesson 17: Fallacy of Moderation
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  19. Lesson 18: Is-Ought Fallacy
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  20. Lesson 19: Fallacy of Composition
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  21. Lesson 20: Fallacy of Division
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  22. Lesson 21: Sweeping Generalization (Accident)
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  23. Lesson 22: Hasty Generalization (Converse Accident)
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  24. Lesson 23: False Analogy
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  25. Lesson 24: False Cause
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  26. Lesson 25: Fake Precision
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  27. Lesson 26: Equivocation
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  28. Lesson 27: Accent
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  29. Lesson 28: Distinction without a Difference
    3Topics
    |
    1 Quiz
  30. Lesson 29: The Frenetic Fallacy (Extra)
    1Topic
  31. Discussions
    Discussion: Meet the Students
  32. Discussion: Four Students, Full of Fallacies
  33. End of Course Test
    End of Course Test: The Logical Fallacies
    1 Quiz
Lesson Progress
0% Complete

The phrase ad hominem is short for argumentum ad hominem or “argument to the man.” This the classic personal attack in which someone seeks to win a debate by personally abusing his opponent rather than by engaging the issue at hand. It is very common in political debate and controversy.

The word hominem is derived from the Latin homo, homenis, which means “man.” It is related to the Latin word humus (“earth”) and humanus (that one “of the earth,” the human). You will also recognize homo in the phrase homo sapiens—the “wise” man.

The Latin word humanitas described the state of a cultivated or educated human with well-developed human capacities. From humanitas we derive our ideas of the “humanities”—those arts that perfect our human capacities to use language and mathematics, for example.